Novaya Zvezda, apartment complex, Moscow

120.000 m2 apartment buildings
1.500 apartments
2 level underground parking garage

Completion estimated in 2022
Client: Krost
Location, Moscow City, Russia

The highly dense project consists of five 75m high towers that sit on a couple of low-rise blocks of 2 to 7 layers. These low blocks together form the City Layer, a vibrant streetscape on eye level that introduces the human scale into the project. The buildings enclose a 2 ha courtyard on top of a 2-layer parking garage. Along the perimeter of the complex, 10.000 m2 is reserved for commercial functions.

The strict insolation (sun light) rules in Moscow are embraced for the leading design principle of the project. The high rise volumes are positioned in such a way that each apartment receives two continuous hours of unobstructed sunlight. Besides that each building has a creased facade that ensures each facade’s optimal orientation.

The crease, angled 145 degrees, determines the form giving of the buildings on the scale of the volume (1:500), on the scale of the facade apertures (1:50) and on the scale of the material (1:5).


The perspective is guided in a subtle way by the 145 degree creases in the facade. The creases are in different positions at the different buildings. and because the angle is always the same, the buildings have a specific expression yet they are recognizable as members of one family.

The city layer varies in height and results in a vibrant, diverse street image on the eye-level. The buildings have a “heavy” expression and various colors. The towers sit loosely on top of the city layer by use of small cantilevers and setbacks. the five towers have a light expression, a uniform color scheme and they all rise up to the same height (75m). It makes the complex coherent and builds its character as a district.


the facade apertures in the creased facades are designed with one angled side of 145 degrees. The angled side is oriented similar to the opposite facade surface. Both creased facade surfaces seem to merge. Due to the similar orientation of the surfaces, the insolation and shadow play will be dynamic on each facade and simultaneously define the buildings as a group.


This aspect is emphasized by using geometric brick work in the surfaces that have the same orientation. By turning bricks with the 145 degree angle, an expressive brick bond appears. In the creased facade, one half of the facade surface is made with this ribbed brick bond, while the apertures are flat. In the other half, the angled aperture is ribbed and the facade surface is flat.

The brick work detailing enforces the form giving on the scale of the building.

Completion estimated in 2022
Design: Team Paul de Vroom + Sputnik
Paul de Vroom, Henk Bultstra, Bert Karel Deuten,
Angelo Novembre, Roberta Redavid
Co-architect: A-Project, Moscow, RU
Client: KROST, Moscow, RU
Contractor: KROST, Moscow, RU